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Assalamualaikum..

Alhamdulillah dan syukur kehadrat Ilahi sbb kte sume dah habes due paper.
tngl pysio n histo lagi an..
cam biase..aku ade nk kongsi sket..
ini adalah slide ori dri ktua department physio yg mse dye bentang hari tuh..
harap dapat mmberi manfaat lah buat sume...

tekan sini

credit to ahli beyt aku ngn org yg bgi dye mende neh..( aku x taw spe bg kat dye)

ukhwah terpaut mumtaz disambut..

wassalam..

ubaidillah zulkefli~

Posted by Ubaidillah Zulkefli Friday, July 1, 2011 3 comments READ FULL POST

nie sume point2 penting yg dr Sanah bg tau haritu,harap kite dpt share sesame:)

sorry klu ade yg terkurang

1)klu soalan about 'discuss' WAJIB ade formula

2)formation of carbamoyl phophate
utk soalan nie kite kene tulis 2 reaction,1st gune CPS1(in mitochondria,urea),2nd gune CPS2(in cytosol,pyrimidine)
kene tulis 2 reaction sbb soalan x specific utk urea or pyrimidine.

3)conversion of any intermediate in CAC
jwpn mesti ade structure, n kene tulis ATP produce in each reaction,just buat arrow kat tepi je
ANY MISTAKE IN STRUCTURE,THE REACTION IS TOTALLY WRONG!

4)formation of fructose 1-6 biphosphate
structure

5)formation of acyl coA in cytosol

6)Q: female patient with galactosemia can form lactose in their mammary gland.give reason
ans; galactosemia is due to deficiency of galactose 1-p uridyltrasferase,so, bile x cukup enzyme nie,UDP galactose cannot be produced,thus no formation of lactose,betol x?tp patient nie still can produce lactose,why??...sbb ade reversible reaction,using epimerase.
so,UDP galactose can be form from glucose,thus,lactose can be produced....korang tulis a sume formula die..:)

7)Q; patient with McArdle's disease are intolerance to exrcise....why??reason??

8)structure yg penting utk vitamins
-nicotinic acid
-nicotinamide
-vit A
-B-carotin
-vit D (1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol)
-vit B12

9)farmers who depend on maize as main dietary component always develop pellagra,give reason..

10)refer question jun 2010,sbb aritu dr discuss soaln tu

11) Q;favism
MUST give-favism due to......
- write the reaction catalysed by glucose 6 P dehydrogenase
-write prob in favism...haemolysis..

12) the antioxidant activity of redused glutathione in not affected in liver cell/ms cell of patient with favism,WHY??
ans: in favism there is deficiency of glucose 6 P dehydrogenase n NADPH+H,however nadph+h can be formed by other sources in nucleated cell,...eg,isocitrate dehydrogenase n malate enzyme(both depend on mitochondria)...WRITE THE REACTION

13)homocystinuria...plz write the reaction n it is due to........

14)maple syrup urine disease......plz write the reaction,due to.....it's problem

15)formation of heme in glycine,..DIAGRAM pg 152 PENTINGGG!

16) in question about hormone and biological membrane,DIAGRAM IS STRICTLY NEEDED!!,even the question x mintk pon,kite mesti wat diagram jgk...

setakat nie,nie je la yg mira dpt kongsi,sory klu ade ape2 kesilapn....sory jgk sbb x dpt upload ape yg mira record aritu,mp3 x same format...:(

so,gud luck for biochem!!!MUMTAZ semue..insyaAllah:)

Posted by nur amirah Wednesday, June 22, 2011 2 comments READ FULL POST

ASSALAMUALAIKUM SAHABAT2 SEKALIAN.

INI ADALAH SERBA SERBI SEDIKIT MENGENAI ANATOMY FINAL EXAMINATION.

UPDATE TERKINI MEMPUNYAI MAKLUMAT SEPERTI BERIKUT :

1) JUMLAH SOALAN BAGI SETIAP BUKU
2) MARKAH BAGI SETIAP BUKU
3) EMBYOLOGY INSIDE
4) LOWER LIMB INSIDE
5)NEUROANATOMY INSIDE

A) JUMLAH SOALAN BG SETIAP BUKU DAN MARKAH

1) HEAD : 4 Q'S TOTAL 20 MARKS
2) NECK : 5 Q'S TOTAL 25 MARKS
3) NEUROANATOMY : 4 Q'S TOTAL 20 MARKS
4) LOWER LIMB : 3 Q'S TOTAL 17 MARKS
5) EMBRYOLOGY : 4 Q'S TOTAL 15 MARKS
6 APPLIED ANATOMY/PROBLEM SOLVING : 3 MARKS
7) MCQ : 25 Q'S TOTAL 25 MARKS


TOTAL Q'S IS 21 AND TOTAL MARKS IS 125.
IN THE QUALITY ROOM THE MARKS WILL FACTORISE TO 150 TO ACCOMODATE WITH OUR MIDTERM EXAM..

MALAY VERSION:

B).EMBRYOLOGY INSIDE

UTK EMBRYO, ADA PART DIDALAMNYA TELAH DI "DELETE" OLEH DOKTOR MONAALZOIR(KETUA JABATAN ANATOMY).

ANTARANYA:

1.UMBILICAL ARTERIS M/S 88
2.DEV. OF THE ARTERIES OF THE LIMBS
3. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
4. DEV. OF THE SKULL M/S 188- 191
5. DEV. OF THE STERNUM
6. DEV. OF THE LIMBS
7. MUSCULAR SYSTEM
8. BODY CAVITIES
9. PERITONEUM
10. SELEPAS NEURAL CREST, SEMUA DAH DELETE


ITU ADALAH YG DIDELETE, TTP ADA LAGI DR. SPECIFIKKAN APA YG DR. NK KELUARKAN DLM SESUATU TOPIK INI. ANTARANYA :

1. SKELETAL SYSTEM- DR. NK HANYA TNYA DEV.OF THE VETEBRAL COLUMN
2. DEV. OF THE DIAPHRAGM
3. NEUROEMBRYOLOGY a.k.a dev. of the brain - only derivatives of the neural crest


klu soalan tnya mengenai dev. sila jgn kelam kabutkan diri anda.

dr. menerangkan bahawasanya klu dr. tnya soalan dev.
jwpn yg kite nk perlu kita tulis is the final result.

contohnya:

dev. of the diaphragm

jwpn:

1. septum tranversum : ms. and central tendons
2. pleuro peritoneal membrane : dorsi lat. part of the diaphragm
3. mesoderm of thoracic wall : peripheral muscular part
4. mesentry of esophagus : crura of diaphragm


N.B: semua anomalies sgt penting kecuali anomalies utk part2 yg dibuang seperti yg tertera di atas td

C). LOWER LIMB INSIDE

utk lower limb, dr. hanya kata bentuk soalan shj.

cthnya. enumerate ms. that produce lat. rotation of the hip joint and decribe the origin, insertion, n.suppy and actions of one of this ms.

artery dgn v. penting.

ms. pun penting. tp doktor kata dr, xkan tnya soalan specifik utk satu muscle tu.
dr. akan tnya mcm soalan di atas.
utk memudahkan kita, kite bt table utk semua action di semua joint/region then kita hnya fokus pada satu ms. utk setiap movement di setiap joint/region

tp dr. td membicangkan tntng sup. gluteal A. dgn post. tibial A.(gaya mcm masuk je) hehe.

N.B: klu soalan tnya mengenai short acc. or discuss, kite punya jawapan wajib ada gambar.
so, utk memudahkan kita lagi, kita fokus pada topik yg ada gmbar.

lagi satu, utk relations, doktor akan tnya relations yg ada gmbar dlm buku.
klu relations yg xde gambar tu mcm tipis sgt utk keluar.

D)NEUROANATOMY INSIDE

klu soalan tnya what is the branches of the Mid. cerebral A.

jwpnnya berbunyi begini

branches of Mid. Cerebral A.

1. Corticol branches.
- orecentral, postcentral A.
-A to Broaca's speech area.
- ascd. frontal A.
- lat. orbitofrontal A.
- ant. mid. and post temporal A.

2. central branches
- medial and lat. lenticulo striate A.

klu soalan bunyi mcm ni pula, enumerate branch of ICA

bgla yg 1,2 3 smpai la 7 tu..

td tnya doktor, doktor ada soalan bg byk soalan yg baru2 ke?
doktor mona pun menjawab, eh xde pun( xdela dlm bhsa melayu) tp mcm tula bunyinya.
yg soalan baru tu ialah applied anatomy ataupu problm solving...

harap2 begitulah ye kwn2 semua...




N.B: utk Artery, DR. mementingkan course dgn branches
dr. kata kite kena be CLEVER a.k.a SMART dlm menspot soalan.
sbb markah bg setiap soalan minimun 5 markah. jadi utk development2 yg panjang tu dr. xkan keluarkan. (yg ni doktor sendiri yg ckp) pengakuan ikhlas.

hmm. rse byk lagi utk dikongsi bersama. tp mungkin lupa. nnti klu sy ingt, sy akan terus kongsi2 ye. maklumla kan.. SHARING IS CARING right??

MINTA MAAF JUGA SBB PADA AWALNYA, AYAT SY AGAK SKEMA. HUHUHU


SEKIAN, TERIMA KASIH

Posted by eyry Wednesday, June 8, 2011 9 comments READ FULL POST

assalamualaikum kawan2.
sorry for the disturb.

just wants to share some knowledge that has given from Allah.

okay!
if the Q's given, enumarate the BLOOD SUPPLY Of PHARYNX, and we forget the points. relax, be cool. selawat is the most effective way to remember the point that we forget.

okay. first of all,
we have a branch from ECA, and we know that ECA gives LA, FA, and MA.
from ECA, LA, FA and MA the are several branches to pharynx

from ECA- from the medial aspect it gives ascd.pharnygeal a.
from LA- it gives dorsal lingual A.
from FA- it gives ascd.palatine A. and tonsilar A.(TA)
from MA- gives greater palatine a. , pharyngeal branches and A. of pterygoid canal.
if u forget this point, go back to the 3rd part of MA, we have piGPAs, so we take GPA or we forgot that point too?? hmm. just look for a while to our first point. Which is greater palatine a. we short form it to (GPA) and from that insyaAllah we know the last 2 point.

this is just to understanding the point.
in exam just write like this..

ext.carotid a.- ascd. pharyngeal A. and etc....

in exam doctors want to know that we know the point or not.
written Examination do not determine either we understand or not that topic, but how the doctor wants to know that we understand that topic??
the answer is from the oral examination.

so be smart in written examination. do not consume much of time for one point.
time management is the most important in exam.

in the names of Allah s.w.t, lets gives our best effort for the final examination in order that we a responsibilities in Ummah...

insyaAllah. there are other knowledge to share within us. i will posting soon.
may Allah bless us.

Posted by eyry Monday, June 6, 2011 0 comments READ FULL POST

PHYSIO! PHYSIO! WRITTEN PHYSIO on 1Oth JULY!


CNS
1. SENSORY CODING- definition, explain, laws(tulis semua)
2. HYPERALGESIA- definition, types, mechanisms
3. NYSTAGMUS- definition, causes, nervous pathway(draw)
4. INTERCRANIAL HEADACHE- types, causes
5. REFERRED PAIN- definition, mechanisms(explain by drawings)
6. APHASIA- definiton, types
7. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STATIC TREMORS AND KINETIC TREMORS- state causes too
    (in tables)
8. VERTIGO- definition, causes, pathway(draw)
9. BROWN SEQUARD SYNDROME, EFFECT, LESSION BELOW, AT LEVEL AND ABOVE
     LEVEL
10. ADAPTATION AND FATIGUE (comparison do in tables)
11. FUNCTION OF BASAL GANGLIA
12. PAIN ANALGESIA SYSTEM- draw
13. SYRINGOMYLIA- definition, effect
14. SOMATIC SENSORY AREA 2, 1 OF CEREBRAL CORTEX, FUNCTION, REPRESENTATION
      AREA OF BODY- kemungkinan untuk tanya LOCALITY pun ada jgak~
15. MANIFESTATION OF NEUROCEREBELLAR SYNDROME- definition, causes
16. THALAMIC SYNDROME- manifestations, causes

ENDOCRINE
1. INSULIN- synthesis, cellular mechanisms, functions, secretion control(draw)
2. MENSTRUAL CYCLE- phases, hormonal control(draw)
3. TETANY- definition, caues, types, treatment
4. GnTH MALE, FEMALE
5. MANIFESTATION OF HYPOTHALAMUS- b4 puberty, after puberty, what happened?
6. OVARIAN PHASE
7. CONTROL SECRETION, FUNCTION, EFFECT OF GLUCOCORTICOIDS
8. SOMATOTROPIN HORMONE- secretion control, function
9. A MALE PATIENT, AGE 25 YEARS OLD, HEIGHT 100cm, WHAT POSSIBLE ENDOCRINE
    DISEASE? answer: cushing syndrome
10. SPERMATOGENESIS AND FACTORS AFFECTING
11. MAMILLARY GROWTH- MILK SECRETION, MILK LACTATING, HORMONAL EFFECT
12. HORMONAL GROWTH AND FUNCTIONS OF MAMILLARY GLAND aka MILK
      SECRETION AND MILK LACTATING

KIDNEY
1. FUNTIONS OF LOOP OF HENLE- ascending, descending LOH, upper thick and lower thin- mention
    ALL
2. URINARY BLADDER- functions, seistograph(kot)
3. FACTORS AFFECTING GLOMERULAR FILTRATION- HOW TO MEASURE?
4. KIDNEY'S ROLE AGAINST HAERMORRAGE- increase b/vol, osmolarity, erytropoeisis
5. TUBULAR TRANSPORT- definition, significance(reabsorption)
6. MENTION HORMONE THAT CONTROL KIDNEY'S FUNCTION-mention jgak cellular
    mechanism. buat dlm table..klu cellular mechanism, just mention, klu protein Hormone gna cAMP, klu
    steroid guna receptor membrane..x yah trang2kan pathway cellular mechanism
7. ACIDIFICATION OF KIDNEY- H+ secretion of tubule
8. JUXTAGLOMERULAR APPARATUS, FUNCTIONS, RESULTS
9. FUNCTIONS OF PROXIMAL CON. TUBULE

METABOLISM
1. TYPES, INNERVATION OF SWEAT GLAND, COMPOSITIONM MECHANISM- VITAL
    PROCESS
2. EXCESS RQ AND SIGNIFICANCE
3. EFFECT OF (afferent)SYMPA AND PARASYMPA TO URINARY BLADDER ON
    MICTURITION- if cut afferent, what's happened?
4. CHANGE IN URINE IN PROLONGED STARVATION
5. FEVER
6. O2 DEBT- definition, causes, measurement
7. BMR- definition, factors affecting it
8. SDA- definition, mechanisms
9. RQ AND PHYSIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE
10. CHANGES OCCUR TO BODY WHEN EXPOSE TO COLD

DIGESTIVE
1. HCl- functions, mechanism of secretions
2. VOMITTING- definition, causes
3. MECHANISM OF GASTRIC SECRETION- hormonal and nervous
4. MECHANISM OF PANCREATIC SECRETION- exocrine only
5. DEGLUTITION- definiton, phase

SPECIAL SENSE
1. ATTENUATION REFLEX
2. CHANGE TO EYE WHEN ACCOMODATION TO NEAR OBJECT
3. TYPES OF DEAFNESS, HOW TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN THEM
4. FUNCTION OF OSSICLES
5. BINOCULAR VISION- defintion, requirements, advantages
6. FACTORS AFFECTING TASTE SENSATION
7. CHANGES IN TRANSPERACY OF CORNEA, FUNCTION OF CORNEA(antomically and
     histologically)
8. CAUSES OF PUPILLARY CONSTRICTION or DILATATION
9. FUNCTIONS OF MIDDLE EAR
10. INTRAOCCULAR PRESSURE- disease
11. NERVOUS PATHWAY OF OLFACTORY

 p/s DOCTOR SAHAR

  • TULISAN BAGI BESAR2 BESAQ!!!
  • KALAU ADA POINTS X INGAT, JANGAN TULIS NO OR TINGGALKAN TEMPAT  KOSONG   
  • TULIS SEMUA POINTS2 PENTING DULU, BARU ELABORATE
  • HEADER, KENA GARIS ATAU BUAT AWAN
  • SETIAP TOPICS OR SOKLAN, BUAT DALAM PAGE ASING2. JANGAN CAMPUR



p/s icchan: sory, ada lagi..kertas soklan untuk paper farmasi, cma x sempat tulis..bnyak sgt2. pas2, klu ad kekurangan tu..tlong topup2 la..kertas paper farmacy tu, len kali b4 exam ak try updatekan lg..
pas2, ak dah buat analysis secara rambang..CNS, majority yang msuk suma kali DISEASE..so, klu ad dlm buku sal disease2, HARAP AMIK CAKNA la yer~
okies! SELAMAT STUDY SUMA~~ (tuk ak pun sama)

Posted by icchan Sunday, June 5, 2011 2 comments READ FULL POST

salam ....

aku ade sikit nk kongsi ..note pasal anatomy practical..

boleh la download..

ni sume yg dr sebot mse revison hri tuh
maybe ade yg x cukup..kalo x cukup tuh tambah2 la sndri k..

ni link
anat file

link utk ke chanel revision anat youtube

credit to ahli beyt aku...

gud luck sume..

ukhwah terpaut mumtaz disambut
ubaidillah zulkefli~

Posted by Ubaidillah Zulkefli Friday, June 3, 2011 1 comments READ FULL POST

Assalamualaikum......

Sharing is caring....
so nk sharing sket.....
voice recording revision anat

28 May

Revision anat 01
Revision anat 02
Revision anat 03
Revision anat 04

30 May (Neuroanatomy ngan Head & Neck)

Revision anat 05
Revision anat 06
Revision anat 07

31 May (Neuroanatomy ngan Lower Limb)

Revision Anat 08
Revision Anat 09
Revision Anat 10
Revision Anat 11
Revision Anat 12

abes suda sesi revision kter....
sory lar yer klo x clear,,,tp bleyh ar stakat nk dgr spot2  practical.....
then stdy tgk sndr kt buku n tulang2 yg ad....

"UKHUWAH TERPAUT MUMTAZ DISAMBUT"
INSYAALLAH.....

SELAMAT STUDY SUMER....


Posted by shah e-pun Saturday, May 28, 2011 3 comments READ FULL POST

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